Swine Health Ontario - Disease Information Detail

 Disease Information

Animal diseases found in swine vary in virulence, ease of transmission, mode of transmission, and host affinity. Diseases of concern are highly contagious diseases that cause significant morbidity or mortality. Animal diseases of concern are commonly categorized in the following manner.


Swine Influenza Virus



  • Swine Influenza Virus – referred to as “swine flu” or “flu”
  • SIV has evolved from a seasonal disease to a year-round, endemic respiratory disease
  • This illness is known for its rapid onset, and pigs usually show signs within the first 12 to 48 hours of being infected.
  • The disease is characterized by nearly 100% morbidity
    Although somewhat rare, transmission of influenza virus can occur both from humans to pigs and from pigs to humans
  • Vaccination programs for controlling SIV are commonplace
  • SIV does not pose a food safety concern
Swine Influenza Virus

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Last Updated: 10/18/2019 10:21 PM

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